Agents are the main kind of userspace application on Urbit. They have a persistent state and API that handles events and produces effects. Agents are managed by the Gall vane (kernel module). Agents are sometimes just called "apps", though that is a little ambiguous as a single app installed in Landscape may have multiple agents working together in the background.
Gall agents can variously be treated as databases with developer-defined logic, services, daemons, or a kind of state machine.
- App School: A comprehensive guide to writing Gall agents.